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chapter 12 in Chinese
[In regular years read with Parashah 28, in leap years read separately]
on the Shabbat HaChodesh (Shabbat of the month) read parashah 27-28
Special Readings Yechezkiel 45:16-46:18 / Shemot 12 1-20
12:1(i) And Adonai spoke to Moshe, saying:
12:2 דבר אל־בני ישׂראל לאמר אשׁה כי תזריע וילדה זכר וטמאה שׁבעת ימים כימי נדת דותה תטמא׃
Daber el-benei Yisrael lemor isha ki tazria veyaldah zakhar vetamah shivat yamim kimei nidat devotah titma:
Speak to children of Yisrael, instructing: "If a woman conceives and bears a male child, then she will be unclean for seven days, as in the days of her niddah she will be unclean.
12:3 וביום השׁמיני ימול בשׂר ערלתו׃
Uvayom hashemini yimol besar arlato
And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
ושׁלשׁים יום ושׁלשׁת ימים תשׁב בדמי טהרה בכל־קדשׁ לא־תגע ואל־המקדשׁ לא תבא עד־מלאת ימי טהרה׃
Usheloshim yom usheloshet yamim teshev bidmei tahorah bekhol-kodesh lo-tiga veel-hamikdash lo tavo ad-melot yemei tahorah:
'Then she shall remain in the blood of her purification for thirty-three days; she shall not touch any consecrated thing, nor enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are completed.
12:5 ואם־נקבה תלד וטמאה שׁבעים כנדתה ושׁשׁים יום ושׁשׁת ימים תשׁב על־דמי טהרה׃
Veim-nekevah teled vetamah shevuayim kenidatah veshishim yom vesheshet yamim teshev al-demei tahorah:
But if she bears a female child, then she will be unclean for two weeks, as in her niddah, and she is to wait in the blood of purification for sixty-six days.
12:6 ובמלאת ימי טהרה לבן או לבת תביא כבשׂ בן־שׁנתו לעלה ובן־יונה או־תר לחטאת אל־פתח אהל־מועד אל־הכהן׃
uvimlot yemei tahorah leven o levat tavi keves ben-shenato leolah uven-yonah o-tor lechatat el-pe takh o hel-mo ed el-ha ko hen:
'When the days of her purification are completed, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring to the Kohen at the doorway of the tent of meeting a one year old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering.
12:7 והקריבו לפני יהוה וכפר עליה וטהרה ממקר דמיה זאת תורת הילדת לזכר או לנקבה׃
Vehikrivo lifnei ADONAI vekhiper aleiha vetaharah mimkor dameiha zot torat hayoledet lazakhar o lankevah:
He is to present it before Adonai (יהוה) and make atonement for her. Then she will be cleansed from the discharge of her blood. This is the Torat for her who gives birth, whether to a male or a female child.
12:8 ואם־לא תמצא ידה די שׂה ולקחה שׁתי־תרים או שׁני בני יונה אחד לעלה ואחד לחטאת וכפר עליה הכהן וטהרה׃
veim-lo timtsa yada dei seh velakcha shetei-torim o shenei benei yonah echad leolah veechad lechatat vekhiper aleiha hakohen vetaherah:
And if she cannot afford a lamb, then she shall take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. And Kohen shall make atonement for her, and she shall be clean.'"
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Loukas 2:21 When eight days had passed for HIS brit-milah, He was named Yeshua, the NAME given by the messenger before HE was conceived in the womb.
Loukas 2:22 And when the days of their purification were fulfilled, according to the Torah of Moshe, they brought Him to Yerushalayim to present to Adonai.
Loukas 2:23 As it is written in the Torah of Adonai, “Every firstborn male that opens the womb shall be called Set Apart to Adonai.”
Shabbat HaChodesh / שבת החדש Shabbat HaChodesh ("Sabbath [of the] month" שבת החודש) precedes the first of the Hebrew month of Nisan during which Passover is celebrated. Shemot 12:1-20 and the laws of Passover. On the first day of Nisan, Elohim presented the first commandment of how to "sanctify the new moon" (kiddush hachodesh) for the onset of Rosh Chodesh and thus Nisan becomes the first month of the Jewish year (counting by months.).
Torah portion : Tazria
Tazria, Thazria, Thazri’a, Sazria, or Ki Tazria’ root word zerah, zarah (תזריע "she conceives,” the 13th word, and the first distinctive word, in the parshah) when a woman at childbirth bore Tzara'ats is a spiritual malady with a physical manifestation. (example shown Miriam in Badmidbar 12) to sow seed, plant seed; to be sown upon; to be sown; to be sown, be planted, to have children, have descendants; to yield seed, to become pregnant; from the base meaning of scattering seed onto the ground comes the fig. extension "to have children"
Male - Boy - she was to be Tamei 7 days and then remain in a state of blood purification for 33 days read example Luke 2:22-24)
Female - girl, she was to be Tamei 14 days and then remain in a state of blood purification for 66 days. (vs 1–5.) Upon completing her niddah of purification, she was to bring
a lamb for a burnt offering and
a pigeon or a turtle dove for a sin offering, and
Kohen was to offer them as sacrifices to make expiation on her behalf. (vs 6–7.) If she could not afford a sheep, she was to take two turtle doves or two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. (vs 8.)The Talmud explains that when a woman is in the pain of childbirth, she might inadvertently curse her husband or take a vow never to let him touch her again, and because of that, she must bring a sin offering to exonerate herself from her rash vow or her resentful thoughts. Women who have gone through the pain of childbirth may find this explanation amusing and even concur with some of the sentiments, but this is hardly a credible interpretation.
Why is child birth of women consider tumah?
Why require a women to offer Olah and chatat ?:
Tumah is a spiritual impurity, involves death and decay, also translate as contamination, defilement, pollution,
These offerings were required for a remembrance that sin enters the lives of everyone. From the beginning children are born into a world that is decaying as a result of sin.
The original state:
However, when HaShem commanded Adam and Hava to be fruitful and multiply, the world was not in a state of decay.
When Man sin...
After Adam and Hava ate of the fruit of knowledge of good and evil, the decay started. As a result. HaShem changed childbirth to reflect the decay that Adam and Hava’s transgression had caused. Even though Adam and Hava were commanded to be fruitful and multiply, they and their children suffered the consequences of their actions. Childbirth would no longer be the peaceful experience HaShem originally wanted. B’resheet 1:28 in the Complete Jewish Bible states “To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pain in childbirth. You will bring forth children in pain.”” After the fall, pain and struggle became a normal part of childbirth. Each time a child is born we are reminded of the transgression of Adam and Hava. To rectify the situation HaShem initiated an offering ritual that would remind parents that HaShem was redeeming the world from the decay that was present. In other words, the pain and travail of childbirth reminds us of Adam’s sin, while the offerings remind us that HaShem’s salvation delivers us from our sins and the sins of our fathers.
niddah: someone who is separated or menstruant - an object lesson to remind us that sinn separates us from Hashem.
an account of Yeshua coming into contact with a woman who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years (Mt. 9:20–22; Mk. 5:25–34; Lk. 8:43–48). Whatever the cause of her loss of blood, the Levitical restrictions (esp. 15:19–33) rendered her ritually unclean, and likewise anyone and anything she might touch, thus making her an exile among her own people. The moment the woman touched the cloak of Yeshua, however, she was healed by the power of Elohim, and her defilement removed. The Brit Hadashah is silent about whether the woman's actions rendered Yeshua ceremonially unclean and about her obligation to bring the prescribed offerings following cessation of her discharge (cf. Lev. 15:28–30). ---Marvin Wilson
According to the Rabbis there was believe that view that when the Moshiach comes the Tumah or leprosy will flee from Him.
Living Hope, covenant promise, New Begining
“in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.” Hoping for a future redemption requires faith. Circumcision is a perfect example of how faith in HaShem’s future redemption helps mankind to continue living by His commandments.
Circumcision on the eighth day is a reminder of the redemptive promises HaShem gave to Avraham. B’resheet 17:12 states “he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.” The circumcision of a male child on the eighth day was a sign that the covenant between HaShem and Avraham was still in effect.
As a result, every time a male child became circumcised HaShem was declaring that He would deliver Avraham’s descendants and give them a land to possess. B’resheet 17:8 states “I will give to thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.” HaShem’s promise to Avraham and his descendants guaranteed that His salvation resided in Yisrael.
By Rabbi Yaakov ben Yosef – ABOUT-Torah.org
metzora: one with a skin disease; a contraction of the Hebrew word motzi and ra meaning one who speaks slander