Torah Mosheh 3:

Vayikra / ויקרא

Leviticus Chapter 22

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Ani ADONAI in His Holiness

22:1

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to Moshe, saying:

22:2 Speak to Aharon and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the kodesh things of the benai Yisrael, and that they profane not My kodesh Name [in those things] which they set apart to Me: ANI ADONAI (יהוה).

22:3 Emor aleihem: Whosoever [he be] of all your seed among your generations, that goeth to the kodesh things, which benai Yisrael set apart to ADONAI (יהוה), having his tumah upon him, that soul shall be cut off from My presence:

ANI ADONAI (יהוה).

22:4 What man soever of the zerah (seed) Aharon [is] a metzora (leper), or hu tzaru a o zav (has a running issue); he shall not eat of the kodesh things, until he be tahor. And whoso touches any thing [that is] tamei [by] the dead, or a man whose seed goeth from him;

22:5 Or whosoever touches any creeping thing, whereby he may be made tamei, or a man of whom he may take tumah, whatsoever tumah he has;

22:6 The soul which has touched any such shall be tamei until erev, and shall not eat of the kodesh things, unless he rachatz (wash) his flesh with water.

22:7 And when the sun is down, he shall be tahor, and shall afterward eat of the kodesh things; because it [is] his food.

22:8 That which dieth of itself, or is torn [with beasts], he shall not eat to defile himself therewith:

ANI ADONAI (יהוה).

22:9 They shall therefore shomer My mishmeret (ordinance), lest they bear sin for it, and die therefore, if they profane it:

Ani ADONAI (יהוה) do sanctify them.

22:10 There shall no stranger eat [of] the kodesh thing: a sojourner of the Kohen, or an hired servant, shall not eat [of] the kodesh thing.

22:11 But if the Kohen buy [any] soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his lechem.

22:12 If the Kohen's daughter also be [married] to a stranger, she may not eat of an offering of the kodesh things.

22:13 But if the Kohen's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned to her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall no stranger eat thereof.

22:14 And if a man eat [of] the kodesh thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth [part] thereof to it, and shall give [it] to the Kohen with the kodesh thing.

22:15 And they shall not profane the kodesh things of the benai Yisrael, which they offer to ADONAI (יהוה);

22:16 Or suffer them to bear the iniquity of trespass, when they eat their kodesh things: for I ADONAI (יהוה) do sanctify them.

Instruction of gifts, vows, freewill offerings

Sacrifices must be physically perfect without blemish - types of moral perfections of Moshiach ( Hebrews 9:14)

22:17 (iii) Vows must be kept perfectly

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to Moshe, saying:

22:18 Speak to Aharon, and to his banim, and to all the benai Yisrael, and say to them:

Whatsoever [he be] of the Beit Yisrael, or of the strangers in Yisrael, that will offer his korban (oblation) for all his nederim (vows), and for all his nedavot (freewill offerings), which they will offer to ADONAI (יהוה) for a Olah(burnt offering);

Sacrific-animal.jpg

22:19 [You shall offer] at your own will a male tamiym, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.

22:20 [But] whatsoever has a blemish, [that] shall you not offer: for it shall not be acceptable for you.

22:21 And whosoever offers a sacrifice of shelamim to ADONAI (יהוה) to accomplish [his] vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.

22:22 Blind, or disabled, or mutilated, or having a discharge, or an itch or scabbed, you shall not offer these to ADONAI (יהוה), nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar to ADONAI (יהוה).

22:23 Either a bullock or a lamb that has any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that may you offer [for] a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.

22:24 You shall not offer to ADONAI (יהוה) that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut; neither shall you make [any offering thereof] in your land.

22:25 Neither from a stranger's hand shall you offer the lechem of your Elohim (אלהים) of any of these; because their corruption [is] in them, [and] blemishes [be] in them: they shall not be accepted for you.

22:26

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to Moshe, saying,

22:27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under its mother; and from yom hashemini(8th) and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an offering made by fire to ADONAI (יהוה).

22:28 And [whether it be] ox or sheep (ewe), you shall not kill it and her young both in one day.

22:29 And when you will offer a sacrifice of todah to ADONAI (יהוה), offer [it] at your own will.

22:30 On the same day it shall be eaten up; you shall leave none of it until the morrow:

ANI ADONAI (יהוה).

22:31 Therefore shall you shomer My mitzvah, and do them:

ANI ADONAI (יהוה).

22:32 Neither shall you profane My kodesh Name; but I will be sanctified among the benai Yisrael:

ANI ADONAI (יהוה) which sanctifies you,

22:33 That brought you out of the eretz Mitzrayim, to be your Elohim (אלהים):

ANI ADONAI (יהוה).


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22:3- 16 - Instruction for Aharon Kohanim descendents safeguard Sanctity

Type of unclean / forbidden people

Permitted group of people

Ceremony uncleaness state / restitution

How to become Tahor (cermony clean) / permissin granted

Violator who profane the intruction subject to:

skin disease; running issues; touching of corps; emission of semen; contact with unclean animal

not eat animal died of natural death, or has been torn apart by wild animals

 

cut off (separate) from the presence of ADONAI

unclean until evening

not eat sacred  offering

defile a man

Require to rachatz (wash) in water (mayim)

wait until sun down confirm tahor (clean)

may eat sacred offerings

punished for their sin

die for violating

vs 10:- strangers or outsider of kohen family,

vs 12:- kohanim's daughter got married to an outsider, she was not permitted to eat it, guest, hired workers

vs 11:- Slave bought with money,

vs 13:- widowed or divorced and childless, and living with her father,

vs 14:- those unintentionally eat must pay the kohen for the amount eaten, plus an additional 20 percent (fifth part thereof).

Permitted group of people could share food of the Kohanim

vs 16:-by allowing unauthorized people to eat them. This would bring guilt upon them and require them to pay compensation.