Neviim Akharonim:

Yeshayahu / ישׁעיהוּ

Isaiah Chapter 60

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The Future Kavod Yisrael

Seven Portion of Consolation Haftarah reading - Haftarah

 Portion 1 | Portion 2 | Portion 3 | Portion 4 | Portion 5 | Portion 6 | Portion 7 |

60:1 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the kavod ADONAI (יהוה) is risen upon you.

60:2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the eretz, and gross darkness the people: but ADONAI (יהוה) shall arise upon you, and his kavod shall be seen upon you.

60:3 And the Goyim shall come to your light, and melekhim to the brightness of your rising.

60:4 Lift up your eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: your banim shall come from far, and your banot shall be nursed at [thy] side.

60:5 Then you shall see, and flow together, and your heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted to you, the forces of the Goyim shall come to you.

60:6 The multitude of camels shall cover you, the dromedaries of Midyan and Ephah; all they from Sheva shall come: they shall bring zahav and levonah (frankincense); and they shall shew forth the tehillah ADONAI (יהוה).

60:7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together to you, the rams of Nevayot shall minister to thee: they shall come up al ratzon (with acceptance) on mine altar, and I will glorify the bayit of My Tiferet.

60:8 Who [are] these [that] fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?

60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring your banim from far, their Kesef (silver) and their Zahav (gold) with them, to ha Shem ADONAI (יהוה) your Elohim (אלהים), and to the Kadosh Yisrael, because he has glorified you.

60:10 And the benai of nekar (strangers) shall build up your walls, and their kings shall minister to thee: for in my wrath I smote you, but in My favour have I had mercy on you.

60:11 Therefore your gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that [men] may bring to you the forces of the Goyim, and [that] their kings [may be] brought.

60:12 For the goy and Mamlachah that will not serve you shall perish; yea, [those] goyim shall be utterly wasted.

60:13 The kavod Levanon shall come to you, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.

60:14 The banim also of them that afflicted you shall come bending to thee; and all they that despised you shall bow themselves down at the soles of your feet; and they shall call you, The city of ADONAI (יהוה), The Tzyon of the Kadosh Yisrael.

60:15 Whereas you have been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through [thee], I will make you an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

60:16 Thou shall also suck the milk of the Goyim, and shall suck the breast of kings: and you shall know that I ADONAI (יהוה) [am] your Yesha (Moshia) and your Go'el (Redeemer), the Avir of Yaakov.

60:17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make your pekudim shalom, and your exactors tzedakah.

60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in your land, wasting nor destruction within your borders; but you shall call your walls Yeshuah, and your shaar Tehillah.

60:19 The sun shall be no more be your light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light to you:

But ADONAI (יהוה) shall be to you an everlasting light, and your Elohim (אלהים) your glory. Revelation 21:23-24; 22:5

60:20 Your sun shall no longer go down; neither shall your moon withdraw itself:

"For ADONAI (יהוה) shall be your everlasting light, and the days of your mourning shall be ended."

60:21 Your people also [shall be] all tzaddikim: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.

60:22 A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I ADONAI (יהוה) will haveen it in His time.

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The temple and the Set Apart city are one and the same; Yochanan mentions these places sequentially. Yochanan clearly relies on Yeshayahu 60:19 (compare Yeshayahu 24:23), which he freely adapts.

Yeshayahu 60:19-20

Revelation 21-23-24

The sun will no more be your light by day,

And the city did not need the sun

neither will the brightness of the moon shine on you,

or the moon to illumine it,

For ADONAI will be your everlasting light,

for the glory of Elohim illumines it

and your Elohim will be your glory.

and the Lamb is its lamp.

Yeshayahu writes his prophecy in the context of “the City of ADONAI, Tzyon of the SET APART One of Yisrael” (Yeshayahu 60:14), and Yochanan writes his words following the description of the new Yerushalayim. Yochanan turns Yeshayahu's clause “your Elohim will be your glory” into a messianic fulfillment “the Lamb is its lamp.” ADONAI ELOHIM and the LAMB share the same glory (see Yochanan 1:14), for here the LAMB is the source of light and in Revelation 22:5 it is Elohim himself.