“Anti-Soul Food”

By Rabbi Rob Miller


ORLANDO, Fla. August 4, 2004 - A Central Florida woman, Lina Morales, was fired from her job after eating "unclean" meat and violating a reported company policy
that pork and pork products are not permissible on company premises.

Ms. Morales was hired as an administrative assistant at Rising Star -- a Central Florida telecommunications company with strong Muslim ties.  10 months after being hired by Rising Star, religious differences started cropping up.  Ms. Morales, who is Catholic, was warned about eating pizza with meat the Muslim faith considered "unclean." The Muslim faith borrows from Judaism prohibitions against the consumption on non-kosher meats. She was finally fired for defiantly eating a bacon, lettuce and tomato sandwich.

Ms. Morales complained, “They fired me because I had something with pork on it! It's just un-American!” 


It’s true, it is un-American, and today we eat a huge amount of pork in this country..  Advertisements tout pig meat as, “The Other White Meat” on billboards, Television, Radio, and Newspapers.   Many people who are consuming this meat have made a commitment to serve the Messiah.  They claim Him as their Master but are they following His commandments? Yahweh goes into detail of what we can eat in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14.  Basically, Yahweh has legislated that we can use for human consumption cattle, sheep, goats, scaled and finned fish, and non-scavenger birds. Yahweh wants His people to be healthy, 3 John 2, and eat with enjoyment, Ecclesiastes 3:13, 5:18

The reason we can eat cattle, sheep and goats is because they have a lot lower incidence of communicable disease.  Hooves protect clean animals from cuts and injury, which are gateways for germs, parasites and disease to enter the body. These animals are “ruminating” animal, meaning they chew their cud.  Their stomachs have more than one compartment. Their food is thoroughly digested as it moves from one compartment to the next before it is passed on to the intestines where the nutrients are extracted and absorbed into the bloodstream as nourishment.  They eliminate toxins much more efficiently than they would if they had a shorter digestive process like humans.

 Ruminating animals are not by nature flesh eaters, nor predatory, they generally are vegetarians and they consume food that is intrinsically less complicated than meat.  Consequently, ruminating Like ruminating animals, the clean bird has a stomach or gizzard with a double skin, which can be easily separated like the chicken, the turkey, and certain species of ducks and geese. Knowing these facts about the clean bird, I believe that Yahweh permitted it to be used for food because it has a digestive system something like that of the clean beasts—a digestive system more capable of eliminating impurities from the food eaten than is the digestive system of the unclean animals. According to Robert Burton (Bird Behavior, page 76), leaf-eating birds such as swans, geese, grouse, ducks, pigeons and other game birds, have bacteria in their intestines, which break down cellulose. Pigeons and doves use their crop to store, or partly digest, food taken too quickly for the stomach to handle. During brooding season, the crop produces "milk" from seeds eaten, which is regurgitated for the young. This is one form of rumination, making these clean birds similar to clean animals, which chew their cud.

The only clean insect species, the variants of Grasshopper, has a crop, gizzard, gastric caeca (intestines) and a stomach, in that order, from front to back. Like clean animals, grasshoppers chew their food with two powerful grinding jaws called mandibles and a long digestive process like ruminating animals and the clean bird.

Mankind, on his own, could not have learned these facts by mere observation, Sovereign Yahweh had to have personally revealed these truths to us through His Torah.   “But the main reason why any animal is unclean is that it was not made to be eaten in the first place. . . .  if man could naturally prove that these animals were not fit for food, [Yahweh] would not have needed to tell us about them in the [Scriptures]. [Yahweh] had to put these laws in the [Scriptures] so that we could know certain creatures are harmful (The Bible Story, Volume III, pages 20-21).

The Law of Clean and Unclean, found in Torah, was in force long before Moses. Abel was a keeper of sheep, not of pigs, Genesis 4:1-5. Jabal, of the line of Cain, specialized in raising cattle, Genesis 4:20. Yahweh told Noah to take unclean animals onto the ark by twos, but clean animals by sevens, Genesis 7:1-3. After a safe arrival on Mount Ararat, Noah built
an altar and sacrificed of every clean animal and clean fowl,
Genesis 8:20. By this we learn that Noah already knew which animals were clean and which were unclean, and that he knew that sacrifices to Yahweh must only be with clean animals and clean fowl.

“Ye shall therefore put difference between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean fowls and clean: and ye shall not make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any   manner of living thing that creepeth on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean. (Leviticus 20:25)”

It is not only unhealthy to eat this meat but it is abominable to your souls.  The word translated as abominable is H8262 ShaQaTz -to be filthy, to loathe, abhor, utterly deetest. It’s not just pork but shell fish, like shrimp, crab or lobster; it’s rodent meat like mice, rat, rabbits, squirrel, raccoon, woodchucks, armadillo, kangaroo, and wallaby; its scavengers like buzzards and eagles and catfish and sharks.  These meats affect your soul.  It puts a total different spin on, “You are what you eat!

I over heard someone say, “With all the government regulation, it’s ok now to eat pork.  Whatever Yahweh found offensive about the pig has been worked out because they are grain fed now.” Wrong! I know the United States Government approves the sale of pork for human consumption.  Since when do we allow the government to legislate righteousness?  If you are selecting meat solely on the merit of health issues you have missed the point.  But since you brought it up, what is today’s health risks eating unclean meat?

Health Issues


It must be stated that ruminating animal are not completely free of disease, because of their digestive system they have a much lower rate per capita of having contaminated meat. However, you may not eat clean meat that is contaminated.  And no meat may be eaten that still has blood in it or that is not thoroughly cooked. No raw meat!

When Noah left the ark, Yahweh clearly instructed him:  “…flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. (Genesis 9:3-4)” It is a "perpetual statute" for   Yahweh’s people not to eat fat or blood, Leviticus 3:17. We are to eat "no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast," and those who do are to be "cut off" from Yahweh’s
Leviticus 7:26-27. Yahweh will set His face against anyone who eats any manner of blood, "For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul," Leviticus 17:10-13. Deuteronomy 12:23-25 tells us why we are not to eat blood:
"Thou shalt not eat it; that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the Eternal."

“It should be observed in passing that the ruminates may not wholly be free from parasites themselves, for the flesh of an ox is occasionally the intermediate host for the parasite


Taenia Saginata, and man the definitive host, acquires the infection through eating improperly cooked flesh containing the organism Dysticerous Bovis. The resulting tapeworm is about twenty feet long and has approximately two thousand segments. (Introduction to the Old Testament, by Ronald K. Harrison, pg. 606)” However, the largest problem we have with ruminants is that of mutated diseases.  Tons of feed containing dried plasma and other blood products, amino acids produced from hides and skins, tallow, dicalcium phosphate derived from defatted bones and gelatin from cows is being fed back to cows - and other livestock - every year. A substantial proportion is fed to newborn calves, which are given the cheap feed to replace their mothers' milk, which is sold.  This is cannibalism!  When you take non-meat eaters and turn them into meat eaters you cause diseases that have never existed before because of mutations.

"Any form of cannibalistic recycling is potentially dangerous and is a bad idea. I have said that repeatedly to the agriculture ministry. (John Collinge, professor of prion research at Imperial College, London)"

Research by independent scientists has shown that blood products can transmit Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy or mad cow disease and other prion diseases. Feeding of ruminant animal parts back to cattle is believed to have helped transmit the disease in Europe

The mad cow disease epidemic began when the first cows fell sick in 1986. In 1996 the first cases of human mad cow disease, now called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, were reported. Since then it is claimed that 52 people have died and over a dozen are ill with the disease.  But I think it is far more widespread that admitted.

The US has had only one documented case of  Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, a Florida woman thought to have contracted the human form of mad cow disease, which sent hysteria throughout England several years ago, from eating infected beef when she lived in Britain, and who was diagnosed in March, 2002 and given 3 months to live, but defied the odds by living with the disease over 2 years, died June 20, 2004 at her father's home in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida at the age of 25.

But it has come to light that a portion of people diagnosed with Alzheimer's actually have Mad Cow disease. Therefore, this information suggests the we have many more cases than has been reported, and that people have died from this for number of years.

A1989 Yale University study reported that postmortem examination of 46 patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's revealed that six (13 percent) actually had human mad cow disease, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.

Studies point to the possibility that some of the 4 million people in the United States suffering form Alzheimer's may actually be infected with the agent that causes human mad cow disease. And that raises this question: Has an unrecognized from of mad cow disease infected U.S cattle and entered our human food chain?" Has our mad scientist agricultural experiments polluted our food supply.

How can we be assured that our meat is not tainted?  I believe the best way is by buying kosher.  It cost a little more but you know that your meat has been slaughter according to Torah guidelines and has not eaten any contaminants that would go against Yahweh’s Word.

“Kosher," is a Scriptural term meaning to "fit, proper, right" (H3787). Esther 8:5 uses this word, as well as Ecclesiastes 10:10, 11:6. In all of these Scriptural uses it doesn’t refer to meat at all.  But it does apply.  Kosher food is righteous food

The word "Kosher" represents:

(1) foods not prohibited by Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14

(2) animals or birds that have been slaughtered by the ritual method, shehitah,  

(3) meat that has been salted to remove the blood (Deuteronomy 12:16, 23-25, etc.),  

(4) food prepared by separate utensils where applicable. In addition, the term kosher wine is prepared under observation of Orthodox rabbis, to prevent libations to idols and handling by infidels.


For years chicken has been the white meat preferred by Americans--and for good reason: It's naturally low in fat, tasty (what doesn't it taste like?) and a good source of vitamins and minerals. As one of the most versatile meats, chicken is easy to prepare and well-suited for a variety of tasty recipes. In addition, the fat content of a three-ounce skinless portion of whole roasted chicken is about one-third of pork, and most fat in chicken is unsaturated, which can actually help lower blood cholesterol.

Because the meat is very rich it can, if not processed right, be a host to diseases.  Salmonella and campylobacter, the main sources of food poisoning in humans, are 
commonly found on broiler chickens. This usually occurs when the processing plant leaves stomach contents and feces on the product.  One must horoughly wash and salt the meat before cooking.  

Another thing to look for is that beef and pork proteins are regularly added to chicken because this enables the product to hold very high levels of water, a common practice used to "pump up" the size of meat portions.  Carefully look at the packaging of the chicken you buy.

A form of influenza has mutated from the pig to the chicken called avian influenza.  Migratory birds pick up this virus and have infected chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl as well as a wide variety of other birds. Migratory waterfowl have proved to be the natural reservoir for this disease.

It is better to purchase kosher chickens when possible.


Rabbi Hisda…said: "If a man was walking in the desert and found an animal with its mouth mutilated, he should examine its hoofs; if they are parted he may be certain that it is clean, but if not, he may be certain that it is unclean; provided, however, he recognizes the swine. You admit then that there is the swine [which is the exception to the rule]. But might there well be other species similar to the swine? That should not enter your mind, for a Tanna of the school of Rabbi Ishmael taught: 'The Ruler of the universe knows that there is no other beast that parts the hoof and is unclean except the swine...'" (Chullin 59a)

“…when the swine is lying down it puts out its hoofs, as if to say, "Look, I am a clean animal…

(Midrash Rabbah - Genesis 65:1)”

It is interesting that the pig is the only animal that has these unique traits - outwardly acceptable, but the inner analysis reveals the deficiency.  For this reason the pig is called, “Klazar Feisel,” lying feet.

Though the pig has a split hoof it does not qualify it for food, for Yahweh expressedly legislates against it, “…the pig, though it has a split hoof completely divided, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you. You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you. (Leviticus 11:7-8)”

The hog digests its slop in three and one-half hours, whereas a cow takes 24 hours to send its food through two digestive processes. Special enzymes and bacteria in the stomachs of ruminants help them break down plant matter into food, without absorbing poisons. In contrast, there are over 42 diseases and parasites humans can get from eating swine.

Just under the skin of the pig, we find from two to six inches of fat covering a large portion of the body. This is not natural, fat is only deposited in large quantities to keep the body warm in winter. This fat is much more than is necessary. So gross are its habits that its liver, lungs, kidneys and intestines have been unable to dispose toxins. It is diseased!

Pork is loaded with saturated fat.  It is virtually impossible to select a cut of meat that is free of it. 

“This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood (Leviticus 3:17).”

“In the case of heart disease, blame does not fall equally on all fats. Chemically, the fats in food come in several varieties. Saturated fats . . . are most commonly found in meats. Polyunsaturated fats . . . are found more abundantly in vegetables, and in fish and fowl. A large body of research indicates that saturated fats are the ones to watch, in keeping guard against heart disease. Where the diet is rich in these animal fats, heart disease is generally a problem. (Prevention magazine, February 1980, page 134)”

Medical science has proven that animal fat eaten by humans will cause plaque to develop in the blood vessels eventually clogging blood flow throughout the body.  There is little that can be done once this develops.  This is why doctors advise against consumption in large amounts.  And this is why the first thing a doctor does it takes you off pork.

Funny thing, a person is more apt to heed the doctor’s word but not the Word of Sovereign Yahweh, which would have caused him to avoid the illness to begin with.  If a doctor advises a patient to get off pork that’s good medical advice.  But if a person hears the Word of Yahweh and is convicted to stop eating unclean meat, that’s legalism! 

In seventy-five cases out of a hundred you will find the liver of the pig filled with abscesses. As you look closer you will discover the reason for these sores, numberless little sacs, or cysts as they dislodge and move into the stomach, the gastric juice dissolves the membranous sac, and liberates a minute animal, with a head and four suckers, which attaches itself to the wall of the intestine, and begins to grow. This is the thousand-segmented TAPEWORM.

The pig is the host for quite a number of diseases and none so terrible as Trichinosis.  Trichinosis (trick-a-NO-sis) is a disease caused by a worm called Trichinella, which lives in animals including pigs, bears, dogs, cats and horses, and wild animals, such as bears, polar bears, foxes, wolves, walrus, seals and rats. When a human or animal eats meat that contains infective Trichinella cysts, the acid in the stomach dissolves the hard covering of the cyst and releases the worms. The worms pass into the small intestine and, in 1-2 days, become mature. After mating, adult females lay eggs. Eggs develop into immature worms, travel through the arteries, and are transported to muscles.  Death occurs when it hits the heart.

The Journal of American Medical Association, May 6, 1974, quotes the 1947 Stoll Report that revealed on average 20 million people in the United States were infected with Trichinella, three times as many as the rest of the world.

The most common pork carrier of Trichinella is the sausage.  These tasty little morsels are almost always undercook packed in hog intestines. 

Another prime suspect for infestation is the honey baked or smoked ham.  J.H. KELLOGG, M.D went around the country lecturing against the consumption of unclean meat.  While he would speak his assistant would cook a ham in the back of the room letting the aroma permeate every corner of the room.  After the lecture, Dr. Kellogg invited everyone to examine a piece of the cook ham under the microscope where they were appalled to discover small worms writhing out of the meat.  Dr. Kellogg then identified them as the Trichinella parasite.  Then he invited everyone for a ham sandwich. There were no takers.

Today we are plagued by an epidemic of heart attacks, I wonder if some of these are caused by the infestation by Trichinella due to pork consumption.

A group of Swedish polar explorers who were forced down in the Artic died mysteriously within sight of safety.  Upon inspection the cause of death was discovered.  These men made it through harsh freezing conditions only to die from their food.  They had killed and eaten a polar bear that was infested with  Trichinella.

Back to the original question.  If a pig is fed strictly a grain diet will it have no Trichinella?  First of all, almost all pigs are fed garbage from lunchrooms and refuse plants in addition to grain.  But no matter, whatever the hog is fed there will still be on average 111,000 Trichinella infected hogs reaching the market annually.

Estimates show that there are 149,000 – 298,000 cases of Trichinella human infections annually in the United States

Eating pork is like playing Russian Roulette with your life.  There is a legend concerning the Prussian dictator Otto von Bismarck.  It seems that a man by the name of Virchow, a liberal leader in the Prussian legislature offended Bismarck who promptly challenged him to a duel.  Virchow took the challenge and demanded the right to choose the weapon.  He chose two sausages, one contained Trichinella, the other was not.  Virchow offered Bismarck his choice of sausages.  Bismarck declined the offer and the duel was called.  The Prussian dictator dreaded the agonizing death of Trichinella more than a death by sword or bullet.

In the 1930’s 10% of all hog meat contained Trichinella

During the 1940’s it rose to 12% of swine were infected by Trichinella.

Today, even with the supposed stringent requirements 2.2% of the hogs reaching our food chain contain contaminated meat.

“If the hog is more than a few months old, you may find large numbers of tubercles… If the animal had escaped the butcher's knife a few years, he would have died of tuberculosis consumption (Dr. J.H. Kellogg)”

“Botulism and other food poisoning result from infection due to contaminated pork products, and in severe cases respiratory failure is a complication.  At other times the ingestion of pork products issues an allergic reaction followed by malaise, some fever, and a rash.  A more common infection is that of Taenia Solium (hog bladder worms), where the pig is the intermediate host and man the definitive host.  The developed worm is about 109 feet long with approximately 1,000 segments, and is derived from the Cysticecus Cellulose Parasite sometimes present in raw or improperly cooked pork.  A rare degeneration of this condition is seen in Somatic Teanaisis, when nodules form in the muscles and the brain to produce symptoms like epilepsy, or else become palpable subcutaneously.  Yet, another disease that can be contracted from ingesting improperly cooked pork has come to the notice of medical research in recent years.  It is called Toxplasmosis, and in its symptomatic form resembles pneumonia.  (The acute acquired form can be a fulminating disease with an erythematous rash, fever, malaise, myositis, dyspnea, acute myocarditis, and encephalitis. Outcome can be fatal.) While the method of transmission still is imperfectly understood, it is wide spread among animals, particularly pigs and rodents.  The Toxplasma organism in pork is unaffected by the periods of pork storage prescribed by occidental (western) food laws, and seems to be able to survive the usual cooking temperatures.  It occurs in a cyst-like mass called a pseudo-cyst the structure of which is resistant to freezing or the actions of gastric juices, but it tends to be broken down when subjected to prolonged cooking at high temperatures. (Since it is a segmented worm that just what you do not want, it to brake down and segment into a multiplicity of worms.)  Evidently, undercooked pork is dangerous and overcooked pork is as equally dangerous.  Many people today develope pneumonia and the cause is usually attributed to a virus or cold.  Here again a misdiagnosis could be possible and the real cause of the disease could be that tasty pork chop eaten recently for dinner, or the sausage eaten for breakfast. (Introduction to the Old Testament, by Ronald K. Harrison, pg. 606)”

A liberal Reform Jewish Rabbi recently made this statement on a New York radio talk show, “It is not wrong to eat pork today.  We now have excellent refrigeration whereas, in Bible times, there was none, hence they had to guard against contaminated meat.”  The danger is not from rancid pork, it’s from the pork itself that is so toxic.  But since he brought it up, pork is very different from beef, mutton, or goat meat, it begins to break down immediately.  Beef, mutton, or goat meat can be kept for a number of days if handled properly.

the pig…is unclean for you. You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses…”

Pigs are filthy.  They wallow in the muck and mire of marshy swamplands this is because they have no sweat glands to cool them down. 

The hog though usually a scavenger, occasionally goes on a rampage to seek flesh.  Hog farmers will buy a plug horse now and then to supplement the hog’s diet or else they will become quite aggressive and will charge its own master to seek the flesh it craves.

The hog thinks nothing of eating its own young, so the babies must be separated from its mother.

 So aggressive is the hog that when they are turned loose into the wild that within a few generations they revert back to become the wild boar.

We need to leave the pig alone.  They were never meant to be domesticated.  The pig was created to be nature’s land garbage disposal.  You would never thing of going down to the landfill and harvest garbage for food so why would you cultivate the pig to eat.  Leave the pig alone – don’t even touch them.


In China there is a saying that, "Anything with four legs, other than a table, is good to eat." Many rodent species have been and continue to be a delicacy in a number of countries.  But rodents carry Tularemia (rabbit fever).  Tularemia is found worldwide in over a hundred species of wild animals, rodents and insects. Some examples of animals, other than rabbits, that carry tularemia are meadow mice, ground hogs (woodchucks), ground squirrels, tree squirrels, beavers, coyotes, muskrats, and opossums.

“…these are unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, the mouse…These are unclean to you among all that swarm; whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until the evening… (Leviticus 11:29-31)”

Another disease of rodents is Bubonic Plague.  You don’t even have to eat them, if you just handle the carcass that is contaminated and ingest blood through an opening in your body or are bitten by a flea on the body you will receive the plague.

“For with fire and with his sword Yahweh will execute judgment upon all men, and many will be those slain by Yahweh . Those who consecrate and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following the one in the midst of those who eat the flesh of pigs and rodents and other abominable things-they will meet their end together," declares Yahweh. And I, because of their actions and their imaginations, am about to come and gather all nations and tongues, and they will come and see my glory. (Isaiah 66:16-18)”


From time to time our government puts a ban on shellfish like oysters, clams, shrimp, crabs and lobsters because hepatitis and other diseases have contaminate them. Oregon banned harvest of all shellfish on half its coastline. They have paralytic shellfish poisoning disease, which can be transmitted to humans.

Shellfish live in the lower parts of river channels and ocean basins that drain the refuse of large cities.  They thrive on garbage, sewer sludge and other refuse discharged from our cities that are carried on the currents of the world’s oceans and rivers and deposited in its basins and channels.

Scientist are beginning to experiment with the harvesting of crustaceans feeding them directly with sewer sludge to see if it can be an answer to the world’s declining food supply. 

Yahweh created these marine animals to filter our water sources not to eat.  You would not think of going down to the Water Treatment Plant and ask for a big glass of wastewater so why are we eating shellfish? 

In 1891, Dr. Kellogg, reacting energetically to some favorable comments on oysters by scientists, condemned the oysters and shellfish in general as difficult to digest, the "lowest of scavengers," and apt to contain a deadly poison, tyrotoxicon. (Household Monitor of Health pp. 131-136)

“Cooking is not preventive, boiling does not destroy the poison," says M. Rosenau in Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, page 826, "Typhoid fever and other intestinal infections (diarrhea, etc.) have been convincingly traced to infected oysters. They may be infected when dredged from sewage-polluted beds in which they live and grow," (page 823).

The meat of shellfish digests in a period of three hours as opposed to 18 for clean fish. Most people know that shellfish doesn’t keep like other meats, but is very perishable and spoils quickly without refrigeration.

Today restaurants in America must post signs, “Eat shellfish at your own risk.”  Yeah, that’s appetizing.

Unclean Fish

“Catfish are a principal source of erysipelas, a feverish inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes, often affecting the heart, seriously infecting the bloodstream, and causing various forms of arthritis. Some fish, such as swordfish, may contain nerve toxins (Home Made Health, by Raymond and Dorothy Moore, page 74).”

One of the primary purposes of scales is to provide the fish with a coat of armor, which protects it from cuts, predators, and parasites. Scales also brilliantly reflect light, repelling parasites like leeches, which avoid light. Fins help clean fish to maneuver so as to keep from getting hookworms, and dislodge any that have attempted to attach themselves in spite of the protective scales. Clean fish have gill covers called opercula, which again provide protection from worms, bacteria, and other parasites. Chondrichthyes fish, whose bones are made of softer cartilage rather than hard bone, have a gill, which slits open directly to the outside environment. Osteichthyes (bony fish, mostly clean ones) have a different jaw structure than unclean fish, and a lengthened, folded small intestine, whereas Chondrichthyes have only a spiral valve. As a general rule, clean fish are not scavengers. Herring and sardines eat plankton; salmon, tuna and mackerel eat other fish; cod eat mollusks; and flounder and halibut eat most types of food.

“Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams, you may eat any that have fins and scales. But all creatures in the seas or streams that do not have fins and scales-whether among all the swarming things or among all the other living creatures in the water-you are to detest. And since you are to detest them, you must not eat their meat and you must detest their carcasses. Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be detestable to you. (Leviticus 11:9-12)”

Reptiles & Amphibians

Today there is a resurgence in the trafficking of reptiles and amphibians food.  Yahweh has legislated against the use of these animals.

“Of the animals that move about on the ground, these are unclean for you: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard, the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon. Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening. (Leviticus 11:29-31)”

Just because the world eats turtle soup, rattlesnake meat, and alligator meat does not make it right.  Yahweh said no.  No means no!

Unclean Fowl

Unclean birds, such as vultures, owls, eagles, hawks and seagulls, are generally birds of prey (carnivorous), and often feed on carrion (dead or decaying flesh, including fat and blood). Owls eat rats and other disease-carrying rodents. Eagles eat dead animals.

“These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture, the red kite, any kind of black kite, any kind of raven, the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat. (Leviticus 11:13-19)”

Unclean Insects

"Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid [a green cricket-like insect], cricket or grasshopper. (Leviticus 11:22)"

Unclean insects are generally scavengers, omnivores and occasionally predators. They bite and suck instead of chew thoroughly like the grasshopper. Even though bees are unclean, their honey is fit to eat, since it is converted pollen from flowers, and not actually from the bees themselves.

Unclean "creeping things" are notorious disease carriers. Mosquitoes transmit malaria, yellow fever, and other diseases. Flies transmit tularemia, ticks can transmit germs of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and rats host fleas which carry Bubonic plague, and can transmit numerous diseases and parasites to man.

Scriptural Issues

“You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground-those which I have set apart as unclean for you. (Leviticus 20:25)”

"The classification of animal species into clean and unclean categories (Lev. 11:1-47) is significant because, being part of the Pentateuchal medical code, it constituted the basis of dietary regulations that are still adhered to by orthodox Jews and by those Gentiles who are concerned with maintaining good physical health…This categorizing is also important in view of the fact that it is unique in the annals of Near Eastern literature because its emphasis is not so much upon the avoidance of magical practices associated with certain animal species as upon the positive delineation of dietary principles intended to insure the physical well-being of the individual and the nation alike through a consistent [preventative] approach" (Introduction to the Old Testament, by Ronald K. Harrison, pg. 603).

The law of clean and unclean represents several dozen Torah concepts, such as the laws of quarantine and sexual behavior, that guard against physical and spiritual impurity. These relate directly to our desire for and practice of "holiness, without which no one will see the Yahweh" (Hebrews 12:14).  The Hebrew word for holy is H6918 QaDoSH- set apart, a sanctuary, a set apart one from QaDaSH to be clean, sanctify oneself wholly.  So holiness is not just being set apart but it’s knowing that you are the Sanctuary for the Ruach HaKodesh and must remain clean from defilement or we will not commune with Yahweh.

Notice the Scriptural distinction:

“Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat. Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you (Lev. 11:3–8).”

“These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat. And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you (Lev. 11:9–10).”

“And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, And the vulture, and the kite after his kind; Every raven after his kind; And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. (Lev. 11:13–19).”

“All flying insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you. There are, however, some winged creatures that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground. Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket or grasshopper. But all other winged creatures that have four legs you are to detest. (Lev. 11:20-23).”The word used for clean is H2889 TaHoR -pureness, fair, clean from TaHeR-to be bright, to be pure, uncontaminated, purify.  And the word used for unclean is H2931 TaMe - foul, defiled, polluted, unclean from Tamme- contaminated, utterly unclean, polluted. 

These instructions was given by Yahweh to set us apart from the nations.  He gave us these righteous instructions to protect our health, our disposition, our soul and ultimately through obedience, our spirit.

Science has born the instructions out but it really does not matter.  If we love our Heavenly Father, we will wish to obey Him.  If we show our love through obedience we become His delight.  In contrast it is interesting to note that our English word, pig, is derived from the Hebrew word H6292 piggul meaning to stink or ceremonially unclean.  Our keeping the commandments of distinguishing between clean and unclean in everything we do is the basics of holiness.

“Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness? And what accord has Christ with Belial? Or what part has a believer with an unbeliever? And what agreement has the Temple of Yahweh with idols? For you are the Temple of the living Elohim. As Yahweh has said: ‘I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.’ Therefore ‘Come out from among them and be separate,’ says the Sovereign, ‘Do not touch what is unclean, and I will receive you. I will be a Father to you, and you shall be My sons and daughters,’ says Yahweh Almighty. (2 Corinthians 6:14-18)”

“Depart! Depart! Go out from there, touch no unclean thing; go out from the midst of her, be clean, you who bear the vessels of Yahweh. (Isaiah 52:11)”

“I will bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand, with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out…I will accept you as a sweet aroma when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you have been scattered; and I will be hallowed in you before the Gentiles. (Ezekiel 20:34,41)”

There are those that will argue that the dietary laws have been done away with by the Coming of Messiah.  They would claim that when Messiah died on Golgotha all animals were cleansed for food.  Plainly stated, this is not born out in Scripture and therefore is not true.

Mark 7:18-19

Many libertarians have cited this Scripture passage in justification to ignore dietary laws of the Torah. 

“ . . . Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him; Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?”

The context is for the argument is found in verses 1-5, which describe the Pharisees’ practice of washing their hands before eating, and washing pots and cups. The subject is not clean and unclean meats, but unclean hands. Rebbe YahShua showed that an unclean heart defiles the inner man, not unwashed hands which dirt will be ultimately be eliminated , verses 20-23. The parallel passage to Mark 7 is Matthew 15. After explaining that inner defilement of the soul is far worse than defilement of the body, Rebbe YahShua concluded, "These are the things which defile a man [evil thoughts, adulteries, etc. described in Matthew 15:18-19]: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man," verse 20. Ceremonial washing of the hands and cups doesn’t affect the inner man rather that ritual is to tame the outer man. Rebbe YahShua was not speaking against sanitary, hygienic cleansing with water, either. He criticized the legalistic approach to the ceremonial practices of Pharisees which has its place, who cleaned up the outside, but inside since it could not be seen was left unattended, Matthew 23:25. We need to keep the inside, and outside of our bodies pure before Yahweh.

The Pharisees watched every word and movement Rebbe YahShua made, making sure he lined up with the Torah, which they should have done. But where they missed the mark was when they falsely accused Him of breaking the Sabbath, and claimed that He blasphemed when He said Yahweh was His Father, John 5:18. But never did any Jew accuse Rebbe YahShua of eating, or advocating the eating of, unclean meats which if He had of they would have been protesting the loudest. Rebbe YahShua said He did not come to destroy the Torah, but to fulfill, or rightly divide the Word of Truth and keep it, Matthew 5:17.

In Rebbe YahShua’s day, even some of His own followers misunderstood His teaching. In John 6:48-66, Rebbe YahShua explained that we are to spiritually eat His flesh, and drink His blood (represented by the Passover emblems of bread and wine). Some of the Jews strove against Him, thinking that he was advocating literal cannibalism. Even some of His own disciples left Him over this matter. The Messiah was not promoting eating human flesh and drinking human blood. He consistently taught and practiced Torah.

Acts 10

Another verse that is used to attack Torah’s dietary laws is Rabbi Kepha’s vision.  When you read this passage closely, you will see that it does not do away with the Law of Clean and Unclean Meats. The Apostle Rabbi Kepha was staying in Joppa with Shimon the tanner. About noon he went up on the flat housetop to pray. He was very hungry, and would have eaten, but instead fell into a trance. In his vision from Yahweh, Rabbi Kepha saw Heaven opened and a huge Talit descending toward him full of unclean wild beasts, creeping things, and unclean birds. A voice came to Rabbi Kepha, saying "Rise, Kepha, kill and eat." Rabbi Kepha did not assume that he could now eat unclean meats. "Not so, Sovereign," he replied, "for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean." The voice from Heaven replied, "What Yahweh hath cleansed, that call not thou common." If Rebbe YahShua had done away with the Law of Clean and Unclean during His earthly ministry, why hadn’t Rabbi Kepha, a leading apostle, gotten the picture, some ten years after the crucifixion and resurrection of the Messiah?

The Talit of unclean animals went up and down three times, then Rabbi Kepha awoke, wondering what the vision actually meant.

Now the Church plays this as, “How dense Peter was! For some reason, he was supposed to understand that he could now eat pork and shellfish!”

To be honest, I would imagine this did creep in Rabbi Kepha’s mind but that was rejected when he realized if the vision was from Yahweh, He would never tell Rabbi Kepha to go against Torah.   But, it just so happened at that exact moment, three messengers from the Gentile Cornelius, a Roman Centurion, and a B’nei Noach, came to Rabbi Kepha’s lodging. Cornelius had been notified, also in a vision from Yahweh, to seek Rabbi Kepha and was told that Yahweh would deal with him through Rabbi Kepha. Then, the Spirit informed Rabbi Kepha to go and receive the messengers. Upon Rabbi Kepha’s preaching to them at Caesarea, Cornelius and his entire adult household were immersed and received the Holy Spirit. This showed that Yahweh was opening the door of salvation and a Spirit-filled life to the Gentiles and they did not have to settle with just being a Ger ToShov but they could be Ger Tzaddik and in actuality a full citizenship into the Commonwealth of Israel as a child of Yahweh. Rabbi Kepha received the meaning of the vision. He said, “Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but Yahweh hath showed me that I should not call any man common or unclean. Acts 10:28.”

Halacha based on Isaiah 52:11 & Ezekiel 20:34,41  applied the Law of Clean and Unclean to relationships, upheld by Rabbi Sha’ul in  2 Corinthians 6:14-18 when he says, “Do not touch what is unclean.”  Covenant keeping Israelites were not to have close association with uncircumcised Gentiles, those who ate unclean foods. Even Rebbe YahShua saw Gentiles as spiritual dogs, unclean, and unsuitable for relationship except to minister to. What Yahweh was showing Rabbi Kepha and the whole Netzarim movement that Gentiles could become spiritually circumcised, receive the Nephish HaShammayim and the Gifts of the Ruach in which they cease being Gentile and have become Israelites.

The subject of Acts 10  is NOT clean and unclean foods, but clean and unclean people, and whether or not to accept Gentile believers into the fellowship of the Commwealth of Israel.

So, in Acts 10:34-35, Rabbi Kepha finally understood that, "Of a truth I perceive that Yahweh is no respecter of persons: but in every nation he that feareth Him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with Him." All of Yahweh’s commandments are righteousness, Psalm 119:172, and the Law of Clean and Unclean is part of the Torah.

1 Timothy 4

Those who want to keep the sovereignty of Yahweh out of their diets often turn to this passage:

“The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons. Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron. They forbid people to marry and order them to abstain from certain foods, which Yahweh created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth. For everything Yahweh created is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, because it is consecrated by the word of Yahweh and prayer. (1 Timothy 4:1-5)”

 This is one passage that if you will read it carefully you can hear what the Ruach HaKodesh is saying.  In the last days there will be some who will abandon the Faith of Yahweh embracing instead “doctrines of devils.”  What is this doctrine? "You will not surely die," the serpent said to the woman. "For Elohim knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like Elohim, knowing good and evil." (Genesis 3:4,5)”  The Devil’s doctrine is rebellion to Torah and a Torah lifestyle.

“For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Messiah. And no wonder, for HaSatan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve. (2 Corinthians 11:13-15)”

By being seduced into following their seditious plan these people will receive the same judgment that these devils will receive: “And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. (Revelation 20:10)”

Submit yourselves, then, to Yahweh. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. (James 4:7)”

“I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy. I promised you to one husband, to Messiah, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to him. But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent's cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Messiah. (2 Corinthians 11:2,3)”

These false teachers are teaching the Stoic belief of celibacy as doctrine like the Roman Catholic Church does today. 

They teach to abstain from food that the Torah has sanctified as clean and should be consumed for food with blessings and thanksgiving.  We cannot teach a lifestyle, namely vegetarianism that tries to supercedes the dietary guidelines set down in Torah like the Seventh Day Adventists do. 

These advocates will claim this is a return to the Genesis diet: “…Elohim said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. (Genesis 1:29)”  This was our diet in Eden but we do not live in Eden anymore.  The earth has changed.  Physically we have changed.  And especially, after the flood, the canopy that covered this planet has evaporated we are now left with a very thin atmosphere vulnerable to the rays of the sun.  It is in this reality that Yahweh gave further revelation, “Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it. (Genesis 9:3,4)” 

Just as, I believe, Yahweh taught which herbs could be consumed for food, Yahweh taught Noah which animals were clean to eat, “Yahweh then said to Noah, "Go into the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation. Take with you seven of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and two of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, and also seven of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth. (Genesis 7:1-3)”

While vegetarianism may be a way of life you choose for health reasons, it may not be taught as doctrine.  Rabbi Sha’ul shows the provision for accepting any person into fellowship that has deep convictions against eating meat.

“One man's faith allows him to eat everything, but another man…eats only vegetables. The man who eats everything must not look down on him who does not, and the man who does not eat everything must not condemn the man who does, for Yahweh has accepted him. Who are you to judge someone else's servant? To his own master he stands or falls. And he will stand, for the Sovereign is able to make him stand. (Romans 14:1-4)”

Should we embrace these doctrines of devils? No, we, Sanctify  them by the truth; your word is truth. (John 17:17)”  Man’s opinion is not doctrine, the Torah is our doctrine.“For everything that Yahweh has created as clean should not be rejected but accepted with thanksgiving because the Torah of Yahweh and the blessing makes it holy.  If you present all this to the brothers you will be serving Messiah YahShua well, it will show that you have digested the Word of Faith and of the good teachings you have followed. (1 Timothy 4:6)”

Colossians 2:16-17

I left this text for last, not because its argument is weak but because on the surface it seems the most convincing.

“So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths, which are a shadow of things to come, but the reality is Messiah.”

 First of all it is better translated, “Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; but the body is of the Messiah."

What should be understood here is that no man should judge us concerning these things but the body of the Messiah. These things, meat (food), drink, Holy Days, Sabbaths, etc., are a shadow of things to come.  They are for our rehearsal of the World to Come.

No one outside our Faith can judge us concerning the Holy.  The Pagan with his false holidays cannot judge us for there is not equal when it comes to the sacred and the profane.  Today, we are judge for not celebrating Christmas or Easter or keeping Sunday as Sabbath or the Crescent Moon.  But the freedom to celebrate Yahweh’s Holy Days and keep His Sabbath and New Moon is a royal privilege reserved for the royal priesthood.  The Sabbath and holydays are tools Yahweh gave His people in order to not only rest and rejoice before Him at His appointed times, but to understand His wondrous plan of salvation. Those who are not observing these days are basically ignorant that there is a schedule of events, which must take place at the time that Yahweh has ordained them to take place.  The Church builds cathedrals of stone, the Netzarim builds Sanctuaries of time.

Foods, especially meats, can identify which Messiah you are serving! There is the true Messiah Who is the “express image” of Yahweh. Then there is the false Messiah, whose followers ingest every kind of flesh imaginable, which is a type of blending the truth about the Messiah with the unclean paganistic and heathenistic doctrines of the world.

“So then, just as you received Messiah YahShua as King, continue to live in him, rooted and built up in him, strengthened in the faith as you were taught, and overflowing with thankfulness. See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Messiah. (Colossians 2:6-8)”

Rabbi Sha’ul was rejoicing with the Neztarim Congregation at Colossi that since they came into the Faith of Yahweh, the hatred they had for Torah, and the charges it levied against them had been destroyed when Messiah YahShua was nailed to the Tree as supreme sacrifice for sin.

“When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your sinful nature, Yahweh made you alive with Messiah. He forgave us all our sins, He wiped away the bill of charges against us.  Because of the legal code, the stated regulations, testified against us and that stood opposed to us; he took it away, nailing it to the Tree. And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the Tree. (Colossians 2:13-15)”

We have no fellowship with darkness.  We are part of the Commonwealth of Israel.  “…you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient… formerly you who are Gentiles by birth and called "uncircumcised" by those who call themselves "the circumcision" (that done in the body by the hands of men)-- remember that at that time you were separate from Messiah, excluded from citizenship in the Commonwealth of Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without Yahweh in the world. But now in Messiah YahShua you who once were far away have been brought near through the blood of Messiah… by abolishing in his flesh the hatred we felt for the Torah with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in Himself a union out of the two peoples, thus making peace, 16and in this one body to reconcile both of them to Yahweh through the Tree, by which he put to death their hostility. (Ephesians 2:1,2,11-13,15,16)”

No longer Gentiles, uncircumcised of heart, under the penalty of the Torah, now we are full citizen Israelites though in exile we are very near to the coming New Israel coming with Messiah.

“If along with Messiah, you died to the elemental spirits of the world, then why, as if you belong to the world, are you letting yourselves be bothered by its rules? - "Do not handle! Do not taste! Do not touch!"  Such prohibitions are concerned with things meant to perish by being used [not by being avoided!].  This is based on manmade rules and traditions.  They do indeed have an outward appearance of wisdom, with their self-ordained religious observances, false humility and their harsh treatment of the body, but they lack any value in restraining sensual indulgence. (Colossians 2:20-23)”

 Worldly philosophy or religion be it libertarian or legalistic has nothing at all to do with us because as Israelites our Messiah redeemed us from paganism and its Stoic false religiosity and asceticism.

All that You Have Said We Will Do and Hear!

As we have seen, medical science and especially the Sacred Scriptures teach us that a Torah lifestyle is a healthy and righteous lifestyle.  On average we live 7 years longer than those living a non-Torah lifestyle. The Torah was made for man, not man for the Torah.  The Torah is the maintenance book for life.

“See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction. For I command you today to love Yahweh your Elohim, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and Yahweh your Elohim will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.

But if your heart turns away and you are not obedient, and if you are drawn away to bow down to other gods and worship them, I declare to you this day that you will certainly be destroyed. You will not live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to enter and possess.

This day I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live and that you may love Yahweh your Elohim, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For Yahweh is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. (Deuteronomy 30:15-20)”

“Yahweh commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear Yahweh our Elohim, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today. (Deuteronomy 6:24)”

“And they said, "All that Yahweh has said we will do, and hear. (Exodus 24:7)”

Clean Land Animals
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:1-3, Deut. 14:4-6)


Deer (venison)



Bison (buffalo)







Sheep (lamb, mutton)

Cattle (beef, veal)









Clean Birds and Insects
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:21-23, Deut. 14:20)





Sparrow (and other songbirds)


Guinea fowl

Prairie chicken

Swan *



















Types of locusts that may include crickets and grasshoppers





Clean Fish
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:9, Deut. 14:9-10)


(Crevalle, Horse
Mackerel, Jack)

(Blue Runner)


striped (black) Mullet


(Branch/River Herring)

(Alewife, Branch/Glut/
Lake/River/Sea Herrings)






Silver Hake


Long Nose Sucker
(Northern or
Red Striped Sucker)

(Pickerel, Jack)



Common Sucker
(Fresh Water Mullet,
White Sucker)

Pig Fish

(Frost or Ice Fish)

Black Drum

(Black/White Crappies)

Boston Bluefish)

(Ebu, Jobfish, Lehi,
Onaga, Opakapaka, Uku)

Black Pomfret



(Gulf Pike)

Blue Runner

(Dab, Gray/Lemon Sole,
Summer/Winter Flounder,
Yellow Tail)

Red Horse Sucker


(Glut Herrings)

Yellowfish Grouper, Gag)

Red Snapper

Spanish Mackerel

Bluebill Sunfish

(White/Yellow Grunts)




Gulf Pike
(Robalo, Snook, Sergeant)

(Gulf Pike)

Striped Bass




(Red Horse Sucker, Redfin)



Red Drum








(Chum, Coho, King,
Pink or Red)

(Gray Sea/Lake/Sand Sea/
White Sea/Spotted Sea Trouts, Weakfish)




(Ahi, Aku, Albacore, Bluefin, Bonito, Shipjack, Tombo, Yellowfin, Yellowtail)


(Dorado, Dolphinfish
[not the mammal dolphin])


(except European turbot)

(Bloater, Longjaw, Blackfin)


Sea Bass




Sergeant Fish
(Gulf Pike)

(Silver Hake)




Yellow Perch

 see what Scale and Non-scale fish sold in Singapore


Unclean Land Animals
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:4-8, 29-31, Deut. 14:7-8)


Boar, Peccary, Pig (hog, bacon, ham, lard, pork)




















Snail (escargot)



Llama (alpaca, vicuña)



Zebra (quagga)































Unclean Insects
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:21-23, 41-42)

All insects except the grasshopper family.



Unclean Birds/Reptiles
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:13-20, Deut. 14:12-19)

Unclean Birds
































Water Hen













Unclean Reptiles/Amphibians
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:29-30, Deut. 14:7)

















Unclean Fish/Marine Animals
(Scriptural Reference: Lev. 11:10-12, Deut. 14:9-10)



Soft Body

Sea mammals













European turbot






Squid (calamari)


















(includes most caviar)








 see what Scale and Non-scale fish sold in Singapore