Our studies and practice on Shavuot

Feast of Weeks of Bikkurim (First fruits)

Chag Shavuot - Feast of Weeks -七七節

"And you shall observe (תעשׂה) the Feast of Weeks of the Bikkurim (First fruits) of wheat harvest" (Shemot 34:22 ).
Feast of Bikkurim (First fruits) is a commonly used title condensed from Feast of Weeks of the Bikkurim (First fruits).

Shavu'ot - Fiftieth Day 五旬節(in Greek language πεντηκοστήknown as Pentecost)

"Even to the next day after the seventh week shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new grain offering to YHWH. You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two omerim: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with matzah; they are the Bikkurim (First fruits) to YHWH" (Vayikra 23:16-17).


Yom HaBikkurim - (First fruits) 七七節莊稼初熟
"Also in the Yom ha Bikkurim (First fruits), when you bring a new grain offering (新素祭) to YHWH, after your weeks are ended (the day after seven weeks from Pesach High Shabbat), you shall have a solemn assembly; you shall do no servile work" (Numbers 28:26).

Feast HaMatzot, ending the Pesach season, contrasts to the beginning of Hag Ha Matzot.

Events of that Day

Languages divided (estimate 3750+ years ago)
"Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because YHWH did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did YHWH scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth" (Barasheet 11:8).


Torah given in languages of all nations (3300+ years ago)
"And Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because YHWH descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the shofar sounded long, and grew louder and louder, Moshe spoke, and Elohim answered him by a voice" (Shemot 19:18-19)."And Elohim spoke all these words, saying, ANI YHWH Eloheicha, who has brought you out of the land of Mitzrayim, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before me" (Shemot 20:1-3).

Good news given in languages of all nations
"And when Yom ha Shavu'ot was fully come, . . . every man heard them speak in his own language. . .'we do hear them speak in our own languages the wonderful works of Elohim.' . . and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls" (Act 2:1-41).


WAVING the Bikkurim (First fruits)

The day after the Pesach Seder is called Waving Day,

it is the first day of Counting the Omer (tithe).

On that day a lamb is waved, with challah made from the first omer of barley - the first grain crop to ripen.

Today is the fiftieth day of Counting the Omer.

On this day the first omers of wheat - the last grain crop to ripen - are baked into Matzah Lechem and

brought to wave before YHWH.

Each loaf is made with an omer of fine wheat flour, about a half-gallon.
Each is about three feet long and nine inches wide.

Leader: Did you start counting the weeks after sundown at the end of Pesach High Shabbat?
Congregation: Yes.
Is this the day after seven complete Shabbatot?
Congregation: Yes.
You have reached the fiftieth day of counting the omer?
Congregation: Yes, Yom Ha Shavu'ot is fully come;

we may wave the omerim.

To the singing of Hallel Tehillim (Psalms) 113,

the two Challah loaves are waved from:

South anigray05_next.gif North over Yerushalayim - ("Ye His servants") - vs 1

East anigray05_next.gif West ("from dawn to sunset") - vs 3

Upward anigray05_up.gif ( point towards "high in heaven") -vs 6

downward anigray05_down.gif("who humbles himself"). vs -6

Moshiach'S BETROTHAL (Erusin)

Today is yearly rehearsal for the betrothal of the Bride (Yisrael / the Assembly) to Moshiach. It is a feast  constant remind us of the bethrothal. This Festival is an engagement party.

On Pesach, Yeshua redeemed a slave-girl (Yisrael / the Assemby) to be His future bride. Then He told her to "count the days." On day forty-two, He left this earth, saying, "I go to prepare a place for you". When the fifty days were fully counted (Shavu'ot (Pentecost) means fiftieth day), He gave her bride an engagement stone. This is that day. On the Sukkot, the marriage will be celebrated.

Incidentally, I learn from the Jewish people that it was on that forty-second day of counting that Noach left the Ark to build his new house (Barasheet 8:14).

On Pesach, we drank four cups.

HaShem said, "ANI YHWH and I will make you special to me:" we drank the Cup of Sanctification;
"I will deliver you from slavery:" we drank the Cup of Deliverance;
"I will pay your dowry:" we drank the Cup of Redemption;
and "I will take you for my bride and live with you forever:" we drank the Cup of Glorification.

Now, fifty days later, HaShem hands us another cup, saying: (Devarim 6:4)

"YHWH, your Adonay, shall be your only husband (a betrothed one was called husband or wife),
and you shall love your Adonay with all your heart, soul, and mind,
and you shall diligently teach your children His words,
and you shall praise Him when you are in His house and when you are walking outside."

Today we drink that cup, saying, (Shemot 24:7)
"Whatever my Adonay speaks, I will obey, and I will learn to please Him.

He answers, "This is My Brit with you, to always seek what is best for you,"  He hands us the stones with the Ten Utterances now are infact the gift of the Ruach Ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit) that dwelt in our lives.

"Thy maker is thine husband; YHWH Tzva'ot is His Name; and thy Redeemer the Set apart One of Yisrael; the HaShem of the whole earth shall He be called" (Yeshayahu 54:5).

A Jewish commentary unfolded

Noach's family left the Ark, and grew to 70 families. HaShem told them to cover the Earth. But they went east to a land we call Iran, and built a city. They had one language, and were of one purpose - to make a name for themselves, and they started building a tower. But one day HaShem gave each family a different language, so that they could not understand each other and would disperse throughout the Earth.

This is that day!

Centuries later, the children of Yisrael - a mixed multitude from the 70 nations, were delivered from Mitrites slavery on Pesach. Fifty days later, they were encamped around Mt. Sinai. Hear what the Hebrew people have been taught and believed about this for 3300 years.

HaShem spoke to them His commandments in Hebrew and in the 70 languages of the nations. A tongue as of fire came to each of them and said, "Do you accept?" They answered, "Whatever our Adonay says, we will obey, and we will learn."

This is that day!


2000 years ago, Yeshua was sacrificed on Pesach. When the 50 days were fully counted, that is on Shavu'ot (Pentecost), people from all the nations were gathered at Yerushalayim to rehearse this according to HaShem's mitzvot. Amazingly, they saw centuries old teaching unfold before their eyes! Everyone heard the Shaliach (the send ones) able to speak - in their own language - about Yeshua being their Pesach sacrifice; and tongues as of fire appeared, and they had a decision to make: would they accept? The Holy Spirit was given as "earnest" - the promise of the future marriage.

This is that day!

For several weeks, studying on the Triennial Torah Cycle from the Set Apart Temple, we have been looking into the details of the Shemot from Mitzrayim (Egypt), and their significance to us, especially relating to this Festival season.

On the evening of Nisan 15 , we celebrated the redemption from "Mitzrayim (Egypt)", the "Land of Sin". When Yeshua arose immediately after Shabbat, He became our first fruit among the dead. Yeshua remain on earth for another 40 days showing  convincing evidence of prove He has risen and alive

The Fiftieth Day of Counting the Omer “

it is therefore called Shavu'ot (Pentecost).

We prepared the Pesach on 14th Aviv, the same day of the week in which Yeshua was impaled. Three days later, we observed the Shabbat, remembering the Shabbat resurrection of Yeshua. The Shabbat when we read that "Mosheh went up to HaShem" (on Mt. Sinai) Yeshua stay on for forty days Yeshua instructed His Talmidim to remain in Yerushalayim then on that week during the shabbat walk to Mount Olive when Yeshua ascended into the heavens. The morrow after shabbat is the eight days after Yeshua's ascension, we celebrate Shavu'ot (Pentecost).

Between the Pesach celebration and Shavu'ot (Pentecost), there are exactly seven weeks: therefore it is called Hag Shavuot the Feast of Weeks. The seven weeks are for the redeemed slave-girl (Yisrael) to mature enough for her betrothal to Moshiach at Shavuot.

Yisrael's face trials in the wilderness in comparison of the testing  with what Yeshua went through in Mattityahu 4.

[Foresight] We can becoming shortsightedness when we entangled ourselves by the affairs of this world. We draw spiritual lesson from the redeemed people (Yisrael) appeared trapped by the world (Sea), could not look forward the way to the promised land, and sin's Treasure City wanted them back. (Mitzrayim (Egypt) symbolizes sin, They said, (Shemot 14:12) "It would have been better for us to serve the Mitzrayim (Egypt)ians (sin) than to die in the wilderness (learning to serve HaShem)." But Moshe said, "Do not fear: stand still and see Yeshua YHWH! (the salvation of YHWH)" Remedy : (1 Corinthians 5:7) For we walk by faith, and not by sight.

[Mayim] Thirst - without taking time for hearing the Word of HaShem. When they finally came to a resting place, the Word seemed bitter to them. Then HaShem showed Mosheh how to make it taste sweet. We need to daily consume the Word of HaShem, and it will stay sweet. David said (Psalm 119:97), "O how I love Thy Torah! It is my meditation all the day", and (Tehillim 119:103) How sweet are Thy words to my taste! Yes, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

[Lechem] Our daily sustenance must be from the Word of Elohim.

Having been forced to work seven-days-a-week for sustenance in Mitzrayim (Egypt), they now could not see how they were to feed themselves. Instead of praying, they complained. HaShem provided "Bread from Heaven" for them to collect each morning, with twice as much on Friday so they could observe Shabbat. Even with such goodness, the people called the bread a derogatory name "manna / in Aramaic term "what's-this-stuff?" and some of them tried to collect it on the Shabbat. Our daily bread must always be fresh revelation from Elohim and not recyle studies We need to learn to trust HaShem daily for provision remembering that we are created, redeemed, and sustained for His service. Yeshua has gone through successive testing at the Mattityahu chapter 4 :2-4 of hunger

[Luxuries] Our need to overcome and do not feed our carnal fleshly desire.

They wanted the luxury-food of Mitzrayim (Egypt), so HaShem sent quail in the evening. (1 John 2:15-17) Do not love the world, nor the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world. And the world is passing away, and also its lusts; but the one who does the will of HaShem abides forever.

[Idolatry] We must always stay vigilant not to slip into idolatry.

They became wavering in their faith "loosened their grip on the Torah" (Rephidim), and were attacked by Rome's religious system (Amelek / Esau-Edom-Rome). (1 Peter 4:12-13) Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you; but to the degree that you share the sufferings of Moshiach, keep on rejoicing; so that also at the revelation of His glory, you may rejoice with exultation. Learn from Yeshua He has overcome idolatry in Mattityahu 4:8-10 He has not bow to golden calf

Now, since the time of our redemption, we should have matured in our faith. At this time for betrothal, we should be prepared to say, "Whatever my Adonay says, I will obey, and I will learn" (Shemot 24:7).

The Torah is the Betrothal Contract (Shitre Erusin).

As we learn Torah lesson from Eddie Chumney

On the day after the first fruit offering we started counting Day One Waving Day: on that date the "manna" stopped and the first of the new grain harvest (barley) was waved and then eaten "unleavened". (It was during the Feast of Ha Matzot.) Now we have reached Day Fifty, and we have grown to maturity  the lechem is matzah (leavened), and become large loaves. We wave two two- loaves from the new wheat harvest, then we may eat of that harvest. (An omer is dry measure, about a half-gallon of flour.)

Rav Sha'ul said, (1 Kefa 2:1-3) Therefore, putting aside all malice and all guile and hypocrisy and envy and all slander, like newborn babes, long for the pure milk of the word, that by it you may grow in respect to salvation, if you have tasted the kindness of the Adonay.

To general summary story, as it relates to our redemption:

On Nisan fourteen the Pesach Lambs were slain and the blood put on the doorposts, prefiguring Yeshua's crucifixion on that date. That evening began the Feast of Ha Matzot, when the Pesach was eaten.

The next day, Yisrael traveled from the Mitzrayim (Egypt)'s Rameses ° "the world's Treasure City", to Sukkot° "Temporary Dwellingplace", where they could begin to mature in HaShem's way.

Then they traveled to Etam "Away from Them". Next they came to Pi-hachirot ¡° the "Mouth of Freedom", on the date that Yeshua would be freed from the grave. After three days, the Pharaoh's armies caught up with them. On the seventh and last day of Ha Matzot, they were baptized in the split Yam Suf (Sea of Reed).

Yisrael went from the Sea to the Wilderness of Shur ° "Vision", the name implying that there the people could be close to HaShem. After three days travel without water a€¡° the "Word of HaShem", they came to a place of bitter water, so it was called Marah / Bitterness.

The people therefore complained to Moshe. Even after witnessing such miracles as HaShem had just performed for them, they had trouble believing that HaShem would provide for their mundane needs, such as water and food.

Like our society that trusts  our weatlh and earthly treasures instead of HaShem. Because the lack of Torah study had caused a disaster, HaShem gave the people commandments "added because of transgression".

One month after their departure from the world's Treasure City, they came to the Wilderness of Sin (pronounced "seen"). Here the people all complained about the lack of bread. HaShem said that He would give them "bread from heaven", to teach them to trust Him for their needs day-by-day, and to trust Him for provision for Shabbat without working on that day.

(V.28-29) Then YHWH said to Moshe, "How long do you refuse to keep My commandments (Mitzvot) and My instructions (Torah)?"

[IE-EXPLORER] The Shavuot Themes - Yeshiva teaching

See a powerpoint slide presentation of Shavuot and omer

Counting of Omer

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